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In West Africa, the oldest bronzes made utilizing the misplaced wax course of were from Igbo-Ukwu, a city underneath Nri influence. The name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River operating through the country. This name was coined on eight January 1897, by the British journalist Flora Shaw, who later married Frederick Lugard, a British colonial administrator. The origin of the name Niger, which originally applied to only the center reaches of the Niger River, is uncertain. The word is likely an alteration of the Tuareg name egerew n-igerewen utilized by inhabitants alongside the middle reaches of the river round Timbuktu earlier than 19th-century European colonialism.
Nigeria’s most expansive topographical area is that of the valleys of the Niger and Benue river valleys (which merge and form a Y-shape). To the southeast of the Benue are hills and mountains, which form the Mambilla Plateau, the best plateau in Nigeria. This plateau extends via the border with Cameroon, where the montane land is part of the Bamenda Highlands of Cameroon. Nigeria is situated facebook robinhood stock 157k in western Africa on the Gulf of Guinea and has a complete area of 923,768 km2 , making it the world’s 32nd-largest country. Its borders span 4,047 kilometres , and it shares borders with Benin , Niger , Chad , and Cameroon 1,690 km or 1,050 mi. The main rivers are the Niger and the Benue, which converge and empty into the Niger Delta.
This is among the world’s largest river deltas and the situation of a big area of Central African mangroves. It was coordinated by key officers of the Nigerian army and led to the overthrow of the government and the set up of Major General Muhammadu Buhari as head of state. The navy coup of Muhammadu Buhari shortly after the regime’s re-election in 1984 was typically viewed as a optimistic improvement.
The state-owned airline Nigeria Airways was over-indebted in 2003 and was bought by the British Virgin Group; since 28 June 2005 it has flown beneath the name Virgin Nigeria Airways. At the end of 2008, the Virgin Group announced its withdrawal from the airline, in order that since September 2009 the airline has been working as Nigerian Eagle Airlines. It has a fleet of over 20 plane and serves nationwide and international destinations. The rest of the highway community is a state matter and therefore in very completely different form, depending on which state you’re in. Surprisingly, economically robust states similar to Lagos, Anambra and Rivers obtain notably poor evaluations.
The first coup was in January 1966 and was led principally by troopers beneath Majors Emmanuel Ifeajuna and Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu and Adewale Ademoyega. Senate President Nwafor Orizu handed over government control to the Army, under the command of another Igbo officer, General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi. Later, the counter-coup of 1966, supported primarily by Northern army officers, facilitated the rise of Yakubu Gowon as military head of state. Tension rose between north and south; Igbos in northern cities suffered persecution and many fled to the Eastern Region. I see a Lagos that turns into a net exporter of abilities with ambassadors whose names reverberate from all corners of the world.
Outgoing President Olusegun Obasanjo acknowledged fraud and different “shortcomings” in the elections, but said the end result was in line with opinion polls. In a nationally televised handle in 2007, he added that if Nigerians didn’t just like the victory of his handpicked successor, they’d the option of voting once more in 4 years’ time. In 1995, the government hanged environmentalist Ken Saro-Wiwa on trumped-up charges within the deaths of 4 Ogoni elders.
It contributed about 1.4% to Nigeria’s financial system; this was attributed to the rise within the number of high quality films produced and extra formal distribution methods. The 2009 thriller movie The Figurine heightened the media attention in the direction of the New Nigerian Cinema revolution. The movie was a crucial and business success in Nigeria, and it was additionally screened in worldwide movie festivals.
However, agitation for higher useful resource management within the Niger Delta, its main oil-producing area, has led to disruptions in oil production and prevents the country from exporting at one hundred pc capacity. On the other hand, falls the wave of terror by Boko Haram, which kidnapped 200 schoolgirls in Chibok in 2014 and highlighted the impotence of the Nigerian state . Above all, nevertheless, Jonathan’s tenure stands for the misappropriation of state funds. 20 billion US dollars are said to have been lost to the Nigerian state in consequence.
The country is still struggling to fulfill the wants of its citizens and become a entrance runner in growing infrastructure, the economic system and the society. Nigeria returned to civilian rule in May of 1999, when Olusegun Obasanjo was elected and sworn in as president. Since the return to democracy, Nigeria has had regular elections every four years.